Difference Between Science and Pseudoscience

What‘s the difference between science and pseudoscience

Pseudoscientific "explanations" tend to be by scenario.
That is, we are told a story, but nothing else; we have no description of any possible physical process. For instance, Immanuel Velikovsky (1895-1979) claimed that another planet passing near the earth caused the earth's spin axis to flip upside down. This is all he said. He gave no mechanisms. But the mechanism is all-important, because the laws of physics rule out the process as impossible. That is, the approach of another planet cannot cause a planet's spin axis to flip. If Velikovsky had discovered some way that a planet could flip another's spin axis, he would presumably have described the mechanism by which it can happen. The bald statement itself, without the underlying mechanism, conveys no information at all. Velikovsky said that Venus was once a comet, and this comet was spewed out of a volcano on Jupiter. Since planets do not resemble comets (which are rock/ice snowball-like debris with connection whatsoever to volcanoes) and since Jupiter is not known to have volcanoes anyway (or even a solid surface!), no actual physical process could underlie Velikovsky's assertions. He gave us words, related to one another within a sentence, but the relationships were alien to the universe we actually live in, and he gave no explanation for how these could exist. He provided stories, not genuine theories.

If you are using a nebulous definition for happiness you would need to constantly use qualifying statements to retrace this point (saying 50% of those surveyed stated they were happy vs. 50% of Americans are happy). It’s only when you are encroaching on pseudoscience territory where the latter seems to become the norm.

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Distinguishing Science and Pseudoscience - Quackwatch

Distinguishing Science and Pseudoscience Rory Coker, Ph.D

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The word "pseudo" means fake