In this essay I shall argue that the term 'post-impressionism' is epitomised by four artists: Vincent van Gogh, Georges Seurat, Paul C�zanne and Paul Gauguin. I will describe the main themes of their works: dissatisfaction with Impressionist endgame, individuality of style and content and the Japanese influence and subsequently compare their ideological stances to discover whether these can be seen to constitute that of a well-defined movement. I believe much of my understanding of 'post-impressionism' is applicable to many artists of roughly the same time period (i.e. 1880 - 1910) though it would be near impossible to draw an exact conclusion of who might qualify and to what degree.
Analyse and discuss the aims and objectives of one nineteenth-century movement in art, with reference to three artworks, each by a different artist.
Towards the end of the 19th century, artists were dissatisfied with the triviality of subject matter and the loss of structure in Impressionist paintings. Post-Impressionists extended Impressionism while rejecting its limitations . The new generation of painters sought to restore a sense of order and structure to painting, whilst still maintaining the real life subject matter, saturated colours and spontaneity of the impressionists. In this essay I will be discussing three paintings by post impressionist painters and how their works demonstrate the aims and objectives of their movement.
1) Vincent van Gogh's 'The Starry Night' (1889, Museum of Modern Art, New York City)
2) Paul Gauguin's 'Where Do We Come From? What Are We? Where Are We Going?' (1898, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston)
3) Toulouse-Lautrec's 'At the Moulin Rouge' (c.1895, Art Institute of Chicago)
The first painting, 'The Starry Night' (1889), demonstrates a thick impasto technique and distortion of form for expressive effect.
In the painting, the overwhelming night sky, takes up most of the background. Its swirling, flowing lines appear to be undulating across the background in a gentle, wavy motion and seem to merge at the centre to form a spiralled nebula. Eleven fiery yellow stars illuminate this whole piece and contrast with the cool blue, fluid night sky that takes on a variety of shades from ultramarine to grey. There is also the crescent moon at the top right hand corner that radiates a more orange, brighter light from the rest of the stars that compliments the blue shades of the sky. The view of the night sky and village is partially blocked by the towering cypress tree in the left of the foreground. Its black-green colouring contrasts with the rest of the relatively pastel piece. The quaint houses and church of the...
...Impressionism and Post-Impressionism Art In researching periods of art, the rebellious changes in the late 19th century sparked my interest. Artists in the late 19th century sought to transform the idea of portraying realistic subjects and developed a less formal style that they viewed as more true to how we actually see. I found the Impressionism and Post-Impressionism movements, each with their own distinct styles and characteristics were the gateway to the modern art of today. In this essay I will describe and compare art in the two periods, including social conditions of the time and how these movements influenced the future art world. Impressionism represents a style as well as a name of a group of artists who rebelled against the art academies in Europe. These art academies and government-sanctioned art exhibits, known as salons, controlled how artists made their work known and the value of that art. Artists, such as Monet, Renoir and Degas, used radical techniques in their compositions and were rejected by the salons. These artists challenged the conservative academic standards of form and detail. They came together in 1874 to hold their own independent art exhibition. The name of the style came from critic, Louis Leroy, after publishing his review of the exhibition in which Monet’s painting Impression: Sunrise was displayed. Leroy criticized Monet’s work for appearing unfinished and only giving the impression of art (Samu, n.d.). The Impressionism artists...