Private and commercial interests also used photography to further particular images of Canada, each depending on its need. Toronto, for example, included a spectacular 360-degree panorama of the city in its unsuccessful bid to become Canada's capital in the mid-1860s. Likewise, the Canadian Pacific Railway and other railroads regularly used photographic images to promote immigration, development possibilities and tourist destinations across the country. In such cases, photography has acted as a key component in the creation of the nation and Canada's national identity. Photography has been an indispensable tool for Canadian regions, whether urban, rural or parkland, to assert their contributions to national and international life.
The Department of the Interior was particularly skillful in using photography to promote such nation-building causes as immigration, agriculture and resource development. The Department of Public Works began using photography in the early 1860s, when it hired photographer Samuel McLaughlin to provide a doubting Opposition with visual evidence of the construction progress of the new Parliament Buildings. The Department continues to use photography as a primary method of documenting not only federal buildings but harbours, bridges, canals and even the Trans-Canada Highway, the St. Lawrence Seaway and airports. Library and Archives Canada possesses millions of images, from various government departments and commercial interests, that document how we as a nation have viewed our development over the last century and a half.
And this leads us directly to one particularly contentious issue. It has been said that Canadian national identity has been shaped almost solely by the obsession not to be American. While overly simplistic, this quip has a kernel of truth in that if Canada is to compare itself to other nations, the most logical suspect is always America. Canadian values are, by and large, identical to those of the United States, especially when you consider the alternatives: Can Canada fairly compare itself to third-world countries? Of course not: the average citizen’s standard of living alone makes such comparisons meaningless. Canada must be fairly compared to other western democracies if we’re to make any useful conclusions. And even then, Canada’s affinities with the Unites States on cultural, economic and technological levels runs far deeper than with any other country.
The was fought between the United States and the British, with the British North American colonies being heavily involved. Greatly outgunned by the , the American war plans focused on an invasion of Canada (especially what is today and ). The American frontier states voted for war to suppress the First Nations raids that frustrated settlement of the frontier. The war on the border with the United States was characterized by a series of multiple failed invasions and fiascos on both sides. American forces took control of in 1813, driving the British out of western Ontario, killing the Native American leader , and breaking the military power of . The war was overseen by British army officers like and with the assistance of First Nations and loyalist informants, most notably .
First Nation or Aboriginal People of Canada Essay | …
The signing of the in 1783 formally ended the war. Britain made several concessions to the Americans at the expense of the North American colonies. Notably, the were officially demarcated; all land south of the Great Lakes, which was formerly a part of the and included modern day Michigan, Illinois and Ohio, was ceded to the Americans. Fishing rights were also granted to the United States in the and on the coast of Newfoundland and the . The British ignored part of the treaty and maintained their military outposts in the Great Lakes areas it had ceded to the U.S., and they continued to supply their native allies with munitions. The British evacuated the outposts with the of 1795, but the continued supply of munitions irritated the Americans in the run-up to the War of 1812.
Essay: Being Canadian | Christian Sauvé
The War ended with no boundary changes thanks to the of 1814, and the of 1817. A demographic result was the shifting of the destination of American migration from Upper Canada to , and , without fear of Indian attacks. After the war, supporters of Britain tried to repress the that was common among American . The troubling memory of the war and the American invasions etched itself into the consciousness of Canadians as a distrust of the intentions of the United States towards the British presence in North America.pp. 254–255
Canada's national symbols are influenced by natural, historical, and indigenous sources. The use of the as a Canadian symbol dates to the early 18th century. The maple leaf is depicted on Canada's and , and on the . The Arms of Canada is closely modelled after the with French and distinctive Canadian elements replacing or added to those derived from the British version. The is a governmental used for purposes of state, being set on , proclamations and commissions, for representatives of the Queen and for the appointment of , , senators, and judges. Other prominent symbols include the , , and , the Crown, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, and more recently the and . feature many of these symbols: the loon on the , the Arms of Canada on the , the beaver on the . The , removed from circulation in 2013, featured the maple leaf. The Queen' s image appears on , and on the obverse of all current Canadian coins.
Canada’s social policies makes it one of the most egalitarian, ..
The Toll of War project, which received $488,155 in federal funding in 2015, was a joint venture between The Gregg Centre for the Study of War and Society at the University of New Brunswick (UNB), and the Saint John River society. The aim of the project is to leverage Canadian public and media attention surrounding the First World War centenary and the 75th Anniversary of the Second World War to raise awareness about the nation’s participation in both events. The two-part project consists of a commemorative bannering campaign recognizing Victoria Cross recipients chosen to represent every province and most major Canadian wartime contributions overseas from 1914 to 1945. The second part involved developing education materials so that VC winners featured on the banners might become gateways for students and teachers to dig deeper into Canadian history.