It is fairly common to presume that the Cutcuteni-Trypillian werematriarchal and that they worshiped a female goddess. However itsalso been argued that the figurines which they left were more in linewith magical charms then sacred idols. In addition peoples of NorthernIndo-European decent such as the Germanic and possibly the Slavicpeoples would believe that it was wrong to try to trap their deitiesand nature spirits in wood or stone form. In other words the latercultures of Northern Europe were against the construction of idolswhich means that any art found could simply have been art. It’simpossible then to know what the Cutcuteni-Trypillian believed withcertainty just as its impossible to know the exact relationship thatthese two peoples had. Given their proximity to each other it’seven possible that they spoke a similar language although theirisn’t any archeological evidence to support this.
Some more fairies in literature: Relating to the Brothers Grimm allegedly purging their fairy tales from fairies, I must contradict: As I am German and know "Dornröschen" from my childhood (that one has sources in French and Catalan; you may know the story from the Disney film "Sleeping Beauty"), the plot is constituted by the action of fairies: At the christening of a baby princess, twelve faries are invited but a thirteenth one is not, for a shortage of dishes. But the thirteenth fairy is so angry about it that she puts a spell on the princess: the age of fifteen she must die. One of the other fairies changes the spell from death to a hundred years' sleep. And so it works out. "Wise women", human beings, would not have such power; and witches are never any good in German fairy tales.
"Many of the Irish tales of the Tuatha Dé Danann refer to these beings as fairies, though in more ancient times they were regarded as Goddesses and Gods." This needs citation. I would have added a "citation required" tag, but the page is locked. () 18:07, 28 December 2010 (UTC)
I went off, to Cottingley again, taking the two cameras and plates from London, and met the family and explained to the two girls the simple working of the cameras, giving one each to keep. The cameras were loaded, and my final advice was that they need go up to the glen only on fine days as they had been accustomed to do before and the fairies, as they called their way of attracting them, and see what they could get. I suggested only the most obvious and easy precautions about lighting and distance, for I knew it was essential they should feel free and unhampered and have no burden of responsibility. If nothing came of it all, I told them, they were not to mind a bit.
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Gardner believed the Wright family to be honest and respectable. To place the matter of the photographs' authenticity beyond doubt, he returned to Cottingley at the end of July with two Kodak Cameo cameras and 24 secretly marked photographic plates. Frances was invited to stay with the Wright family during the school summer holiday so that she and Elsie could take more pictures of the fairies. Gardner described his briefing in his 1945 :
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Doyle also showed the photographs to the and pioneering , who believed the photographs to be fake. He suggested that a troupe of dancers had masqueraded as fairies, and expressed doubt as to their "distinctly 'Parisienne" hairstyles.
Gardner and Doyle sought a second expert opinion from the photographic company . Several of the company's technicians examined the enhanced prints, and although they agreed with Snelling that the pictures "showed no signs of being faked", they concluded that "this could not be taken as conclusive evidence ... that they were authentic photographs of fairies". Kodak declined to issue a certificate of authenticity. Gardner believed that the Kodak technicians might not have examined the photographs entirely objectively, observing that one had commented "after all, as fairies couldn't be true, the photographs must have been faked somehow". The prints were also examined by another photographic company, , who reported unequivocally that there was "some evidence of faking". Gardner and Doyle, perhaps rather optimistically, interpreted the results of the three expert evaluations as two in favour of the photographs' authenticity and one against.
Irish Fairies - Irische Feen und Elfen | Essays and novels
Fairies are usually associated with northwestern Europe, especially with the British Isles, but fairylike creatures have appeared in many cultures throughout literature. There are many different types of fairies and they take on many different shapes and forms. The word 'fairy' is used to loosely characterize mystical creatures such as nymphs, gnomes, elves, goblin, dwarfs, pixies, banshees (fairy women), leprechauns, and sprites. During the Elizabethan period fairies were mostly feared and brought terror to the people living. Yes, the belief was that fairies and humans co-existed peacefully, and the fairies were known to cure diseases, protect humans, tell fortunes, etc., but if these fairies weren't appeased then they would punish humans by pinching their bodies and covering them with dark bruises. They were considered evil, capricious, and demonic creatures by most. The fairies were believed to live in groups, or colonies, in the wilderness and in underground "taverns", and also were believed to have some...