In China, guanxi is often built via good restaurant etiquette. It is perfectly acceptable for diners to yell out something like, “Fuwyuan, wu yao cha” which translates as “waiter, I want tea.” In China, the customer has higher status than the waiter and the use of language reflects that status hierarchy. In Australia, such a phrasing would be considered extremely rude by other diners and the waiter. The polite Australian phrasing would be to use modal verbs like 'could', 'may' or 'can' instead of 'want' so as to indicate the customer's uncertainty about the waiter's desire or ability to provide tea. By using uncertain phrasing, the customer engages with the waiter under a myth of egalitarianism.
Generally, the person paying the bill will order everyone’s meals and these will be placed in the centre of the table to share. In an Australian Asian restaurant, each diner will order something and the meals shared. The bill will usually be split. Again, egalitarianism governs the Australian custom.
In China, there is a great deal of hatred towards Japan based upon the country’s actions in World War 2 (in China, WW2 is known as the War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression). The hatred is so severe that many Chinese will no drive Japanese cars, buy any Japanese products and will be overtly rude to any Japanese that they meet. Even though Australia fought Japan, Australians generally have a lot of respect for the Japanese. Furthermore, Japanese products are highly valued in Australia.
The different attitudes towards Japan stem from the aspects of World War 2 that are told in the cultures of the respective nations in addition to their styles of war remembrance. In China, public school children are taught about Japanese massacres, the rape of Chinese women by Japanese soldiers and the experiments of Japanese scientists on Chinese prisoners of war. Furthermore, the children are taught about the heroic Chinese soldiers that defeated the Japanese and liberated China.
"Mateship", or loyal fraternity is the code of conduct, particularly between men, although more recently also between men and women, stressing equality and friendship. The value of mateship is sourced in the difficulty of subduing the land. Unlike other cultures based on a nurturing landscape that they seek to protect from others, Australian settlers experienced great hardship and had to support each other in order to survive. The battle against the elements led to the nickname of a member of Australia's working class being the "Aussie battler".
This essay will focus on one particular place which is Australia
Australia's 11 million square kilometre fishing zone is the third largest in the world and allows for easy access to seafood which significantly influences Australian cuisine. Clean ocean environments produce high quality seafoods. , , , and are the main ocean species harvested commercially, while produces more than 60 species for consumption, including , salmonoids, , , prawns, , , and . While inland river and lake systems are relatively sparse, they nevertheless provide some unique fresh water game fish and crustacea suitable for dining. Fishing and aquaculture constitute Australia's fifth most valuable agricultural industry after , , and .
Multiculturalism In Australia Essay - UK Essays | UKEssays
Contemporary Australia is a pluralistic society, rooted in traditions and espousing informality and egalitarianism as key societal values. While strongly influenced by origins, the culture of Australia has also been shaped by multi-ethnic migration which has influenced all aspects of Australian life, including business, the arts, , and sporting tastes.
During the colonial era, distinctive forms of , , and developed through movements like the of painters and the work of like and , whose poetry and prose did much to promote an egalitarian Australian outlook which placed a high value on the concept of . Games like and were imported from Britain at this time and with a local variant of football, , became treasured cultural traditions.
Multiculturalism In Australia Essay
Discrimination, harassment and violence against women based on their gender is a key marker of gender inequality within Australia, and highlights the way in which women are unable to equally contribute to and benefit from economic, social, cultural and political life. Although there are some cases of discrimination against men, out of the 472 complaints made under the Sex Discrimination Act between 2006 and 2007, 87 percent came from women (Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission, 2007). Although some complaints came from men, the distinct disproportion of women claiming discrimination shows that violence against women remains a major human rights issue facing Australia. In addition to this, research has found that nearly one in three Australian women have experiences violence from an intimate partner in their lifetime, which not only shows the way in which gender inequality is still prevalent within Australian society, but also costs the economy $500 million a year because of the effects of violence on the employees of Australian businesses. (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2005) Thus, it is evident that harassment and violence against women plays a key contribution towards the lack of gender equality inAustralia, which causes not only social problems, but also monetary problems within the country.
Over forty percent of Australian citizens are born overseas or had one parent born outside of Australia. People from almost two hundred countries have moved to Australia. The culture of Australia is not only diverse in race, but also in religion. Christianity, Buddhism, Judaism, Hinduism and Islam are all quite prevalent, while approximately one fourth of the population states no religious preference at all. (Chow) Multiculturalism is caused by many different factors. One of them is the heavy migration to Australia by many different nations and ethnic origins.Human Resource Management (HRM) activities such as: recruitment and selection, career planning and development, employee motivation, and compensation and benefits need to be performed in alignment with national culture as effectiveness of a human resource management practice hinges on the degree to which it fits the values and beliefs of people in the host country. By exploring the differences and similarities of Chinese and Australian culture from a HR perspective strategies aimed at achieving organisational goals can be better achieved. The inherent weaknesses of Hofstedes framework will also be discussed to emphasise the importance of other methods for determining culture.