"Social media has the potential to fill important gaps in our current understanding of tobacco, alcohol and drug use and to improve the efficacy of substance abuse interventions. For example, user-generated social media interactions can reveal important insights into substance use patterns and various social factors," said Dr. Wen-ying (Sylvia) Chou, program director in NCI's Health Communications and Informatics Research Branch and NCI's program contact for the funding opportunities. "Social media platforms also have the potential to increase the effectiveness of substance use prevention and treatment efforts by providing technologically mediated solutions."
More than $11 million over three years will be used to support research exploring the use of social media to advance the scientific understanding, prevention, and treatment of substance use and addiction. The awards are funded through the Collaborative Research on Addiction at NIH (CRAN), an NIH consortium involving the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), and the National Cancer Institute (NCI). The consortium was established to integrate resources and expertise to advance research and improve public health outcomes related to the use of alcohol, tobacco, and other addictive substances. NIAAA, NIDA, and NCI are components of the National Institutes of Health.
Health and Wellbeing is a focal area for the National Development Plan (NDP) 2030 in which the vision of government to have a healthy population by 2030 and beyond is clearly articulated. The NDP 2030 explains the role of government and strategic partnerships in promoting health and wellbeing and the need for collaboration is emphasised. One of the interventions in the plan is community-based health prevention to respond to issues affecting health and well-being as they are raised by community members. In recent times, South Africa has seen the issue of alcohol and substance abuse being identified as one of the fundamental challenges affecting the health and well-being of South African youth at community level. This adds to already existing challenges faced by people in general and youth in particular.
At national level, the Department of Social Development is the custodian of the National Drug Master Plan (NDMP), and has established the Central Drug Authority (CDA) to convene and monitor all activities by government departments and agencies on substance abuse. NYDA is a participant in the CDA and as such is committed to mainstreaming strategic programmes and interventions that are focusing on young people in and out of school.
As part of its mandate to respond to challenge of substance abuse among youth in the country, and in line with the National Youth Policy (2009 -2014) and the Draft Integrated Youth Development Strategy for South Africa, the NYDA has Health and Well Being for the youth as one of its key performance areas. This area aims to increase awareness on the healthy lifestyles that promote good health practices amongst the youth of South Africa, including dangers of Alcohol and Substance abuse. Through this programme the NYDA is soliciting proposals and will award grants to organisations for programmes that are targeted at and contribute towards increasing knowledge and understanding of substance abuse, treatment, amongst the youth to effect behavioral change.
In addition, the long-term effects of unhealthy lifestyle choices like smoking, the use of alcohol and other substances lead to a range of other risk behaviours that lead to psycho-social problems including depression and anxiety. All of this causes human pain and suffering and places a significant financial burden on the public health system. And yet, we know that interventions aimed at prevention could yield great benefits for the young people concerned, as well as for the public health system and the country in general.
Appreciating efforts by different organs of state, civil society and private sector (individually and in partnerships) in this area of focus, the NYDA calls for proposals from the nonprofit organisations (NPOs) with a sound track record of doing work in this area of alcohol and substance abuse.
First is primary prevention, which is aimed at mostly young children who have never tried a substance or those who may have tried tobacco or alcohol (Hart & Ksir, 2011, p. 401). Benefits from this type of early intervention include encouraging abstinence, and teaching people the effects of potential drug use on their lives, emotions, and social relationships (Hart & Ksir, 2011, p. 401). There are programs that go to schools, and speak to children as young as 8 about drugs and the effects of drug use.
Can Mindfulness Help Stop Substance Abuse? - Greater …
Introduction Substance abuse can be defined as a pattern of behavior in which a person is seen to rely on a substance excessively and repeatedly whereby at the end the substance in this case is seen to damage personal relationships , safety and also work functioning . It is a complex problem and is seen to develop in the response of multiple influences of the substance use . Substance dependence on the other hand can be seen as a more advanced pattern on the substance use whereby in this case you find that the person is abusing the drug and most of their lives are usually centered on this particular drug . You tend to find that they have to use it no matter what circumstances since they are addicted to using the drug hence spent most of their times using it . Substance dependence can also be addiction in the sense that you tend to find that the person has become addicted to using this particular drug hence spends most of the time using . It may also become a tolerance in that one finds it as a habit which has to be done . Failure to using the drug may result to mental conflicts hence the need to keep increasing doses so that you can be in a position to get the desired dose from it . Withdrawal later happened sometimes in life and this happens when this particular person experiences some effects which are associated with the substance use .These effects may involve unpleasant and dangerous symptoms and these effects are usually seen when this particular person stops using this particular drug . So you tend to find that someone becomes addicted to the extend that failure of taking the drug may result to dangerous symptoms hence hard to stop them . The following is a list of some of the substances which are commonly abused by people both young and old , males and females . Depressants and examples of depressants are alcohol ,sedative-hypnotic drugs and opioids . Polydrugs , cannabis sativa ,stimulants and hallucinogens among other substances . All these categories of the substance abuse have their different effects on the person who uses them and some of these effects are dangerous since they can even lead to death . As a result there is the need for prevention measures in order to ensure that our communities have been enlightened on the dangers of using these substances since you find that most of the people use them simply because they have no information on the effects of these drugs . Let ‘s look at some of the impacts of the substance use on both the individuals and families respectively (Aguilar , 2000 .Impact of abuse or dependence on individuals and families One of the major impacts of the substance use to the individual is the mental effect on the person using the drug . For example the continued use of the ethyl alcohol or even ethanol which is a substance which is found in beer . So you tend to find that when someone consumes…
Substance Abuse : Drug Types, Alcohol, Tobacco, and More
Secondary prevention is for those who have tried the drug in question or other types of drugs. This is supposed to prevent the use of more dangerous drugs, and also to prevent the use of the substances in a more dangerous way (Hart & Ksir, 2011, p. 401). This prevention is aimed more towards college students, who have tried drugs but have not suffered seriously from their drug use. This is not aimed at people who need obvious treatment (Hart & Ksir, 2011, p. 402). Let us look back on primary prevention. Most students have experienced a program called D.
Therefore, they are not “in too deep. ” Many of the people that fall into this category are college students and programs aimed at encouraging responsible use of alcohol among college students are good examples of this stage of prevention (Hart & Ksir, 2011, p. 402). In order to attempt to prevent the transition from use to abuse in college students, they should think about starting these prevention programs at an earlier age. Nowadays, kids get started very early and by high school they are already exposed to alcohol and drug use.
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I think it would be a good idea for campuses to have clubs or programs run by students for students who are struggling with drug abuse, that way students know that they have someone to talk to who will help them if they need it. A prevention program that takes place at later stages of drug abuse is Tertiary prevention. Tertiary preventing is relapse prevention, or follow-up programs (Hart & Ksir, 2011, p. 402). This prevention refers to actions that can be taken to prevent a relapse from occurring and to help the person maintain a healthy status after therapy has lready been administered. For alcohol- or heroin-dependent individuals, treatment programs are the first order of priority (Hart & Ksir, 2011, p. 402). If a person has already been treated or are able to stop using without the help of anyone else, they enter another stage of prevention. This could be improved by having people who have already been through the program follow up with the clientele who are currently going through the same experience that they did. It is much easier for people to talk to someone who has been in the same position as them.