According to Hafez (2003), Islamic women empowerment has been limited in its success by the dictates of the religion. In line with this point, the Islamic women work hard to enhance the development of others rather than directly challenging the male authority or power. As a matter of fact, their empowerment is meant to reach a Muslim goal rather than the enhancing their power over natural resources along with intellectual resources. Islamic women in Egypt do not perceive themselves as liberated individuals in search for self-government from unjust male control.
Gender equality is, first and foremost, a human right. A woman is entitled to live in dignity and in freedom from want and from fear. Empowering women is also an indispensable tool for advancing development and reducing poverty. Empowered women contribute to the health and productivity of whole families and communities and to improved prospects for the next generation. The importance of gender equality is underscored by its inclusion as one of the eight Millennium Development Goals. Gender equality is acknowledged as being a key to achieving the other seven goals. Yet discrimination against women and girls - including gender-based violence, economic discrimination, reproductive health inequities, and harmful traditional practices - remains the most pervasive and persistent form of inequality. Women and girls bear enormous hardship during and after humanitarian emergencies, especially armed conflicts. There have been several organisations and institutions advocating for women, promoting legal and policy reforms and gender-sensitive data collection, and supporting projects that improve women's health and expand their choices in life. Despite many international agreements affirming their human rights, women are still much more likely than men to be poor and illiterate. They usually have less access than men to medical care, property ownership, credit, training and employment. They are far less likely than men to be politically active and far more likely to be victims of domestic violence. The ability of women to control their own fertility is absolutely fundamental to women’s empowerment and equality. When a woman can plan her family, she can plan the rest of her life. When she is healthy, she can be more productive. And when her reproductive rights — including the right to decide the number, timing and spacing of her children, and to make decisions regarding reproduction free of discrimination, coercion and violence — are promoted and protected, she has freedom to participate more fully and equally in society. Gender equality implies a society in which women and men enjoy the same opportunities, outcomes, rights and obligations in all spheres of life. Equality between men and women exists when both sexes are able to share equally in the distribution of power and influence; have equal opportunities for financial independence through work or through setting up businesses;...
Instead, they seek to be connected to each other along with their husbands and the family and then finally their commitment to God. In this case, this poses a challenge while empowering women. This is given to the reason that in order to empower an individual, he or she and in this case she, should realize that there is some male domination and oppression that needs to be dealt with and as such, a need to respond to the aspect of empowerment.
According to Klugman (2000), policy-making process should involve women and as such this can translate to be a good way of empowering them (98). Even though this is the case, there is a limitation in the sense that this way has been poorly recognized for the capacity. In fact, the 1994 Women's Health Conference is one of the conference through which women realized and as such strengthened their self esteem along with the aspect of building the belief that they had the potential to contribute to the processes of policy (Klugman 98-118). South Africa's abortion legislation was changed by means of ensuring that women empowerment was considered in depth. From this perspective, one can conclude that implementation policy can be used as a means to empower women rather than mobilizing a great number of them. In this case, access to safe abortion in South Africa increased women's ability to control their lives and thus they were empowered through policy implementation.
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From a broader point of view, many of the ways of empowering women have fallen short of meeting the targeted goal. Although this is the case, people have so much held to the non-effective ways of women empowerment while ignoring such ways like policy implementation as provided in this case. Grown, Rao and Kes (2005) puts it that the empowerment of women ought to enable them to attain equal abilities in terms of education, health, resource accessibility, access to land and employment along with participation in political matters (130). In line with this point, if the opportunities for post-primary school education for girls are strengthened, then, empowerment may be achieved. As well, reduction of women's burdens in terms of time by investing in infrastructure, may contribute largely towards the empowering of women. Again in this context, women ought to be given the right to property and inheritance along with increased participation in the politics (Grown, Rao and Kes 5).
Essay on Women Empowerment for Students
According to Martinez and Glenzer (2005), CARE program states that the women empowerment entails women's position to gain freedom from coercion over their physical body. As well, development of a positive self image along with equitable power and influence over household strategies and public resources describe the factors of empowering women. Equally important, the environment should be able to foster the capability to engage in a collective effort. In this context, it is important to bring out the point that if there are any developments that are going to be made in the world today, it is important to empower women since they have the potential to greatly contribute to this.
Another point to note is in regard to education as a means of empowering women. Presumably, it has been taken as the only means through which the girl child may come to realize her self worth. Along with this point, most of the developing countries are described as to have had low levels of schooling girls resulting to empowerment being equated with a mere participation in the school participation.
Women Empowerment Essay - Essay Topics
Women's access to education, share of non-agricultural wage employment, and political participation make some of the main factors that can contribute to women's empowerment. In connection to this point, Kabeer (2005) points out that except provision is made to make certain that policy changes are put into practice in ways that allow women themselves to participate, examine, and hold policy makers and corporations answerable for their actions, the prospective for women's empowerment will be restricted (13). This is to bring out the meaning that empowerment of women should be provided for the environment to flourish.