I grew up in housing project in Scarborough, just a hop skip and jump from Boyden’s middle class childhood home in Willowdale. Interestingly, he has been writing books about indigenous people, while I actually lived with my bi racial Native American daughter on the rez for five years. Writing is one thing, living it is another. Visiting the rez, even spending time hanging out and talking to elders is not the same as being an indigenous person in a white society, a world that is still promoting colonization but in more subtle and insidious ways. Publishing is a gateway to this sort of cultural conditioning and books do impact how people see a certain race, especially if the face of the author is white and he is part of the establishment as Boyden is.
Citizens who were born in Canada felt that they had legal rights to live in that country hence fought against colonization by maintaining their customs and beliefs and gave the Europeans who had come to their country to gain from the country’s natural resources a difficult time. Even as this happened, different communities in Canada sought freedom from the governments that had created the Indian Act –which had been enforced and gave the government the mandate to control Indian Education through the minister – in the country after the destruction of the aboriginal communities residing in this country. During the period of colonization in Canada, the aboriginal communities proposed that the Canadian government should cease controlling the people, land and other resources and fully support the equality of the aboriginal nations.
This history of exploitation and denial of responsibility is destructive and at the same time ideologically reproduces and maintains a paternalistic approach to dealing with native peoples which goes against their wishes for self determination. The government’s child like and irresponsible approach to dealing with a people they have treated like children and destroyed for so many years reflects their attempts to reinforce the self-fulling prophecy of racism and dependency. The fact that governments feel the need to “look after” First Nations reflects their paternalistic attitudes towards colonization where Europeans felt they were doing the savages and cannibals a great job, into civilizing and saving their souls. However inappropriate, the different levels of governments approaches and the inherent problems created by them, it only serves to weaken and destroy Aboriginal communities and by extension Aboriginal youth.
Colonization brought significant changes in the geographical regions and unsettled land ownership. Formation of new boundaries had an impact on the original geographical outlook of the colonies. Indians who were natives of America held the belief of the caste system. The lower class did not have an option but to give away their land while the top and some middle class people retained title to their lands. The colonial government took the fertile lands and gave them to white settlers and took the natives to reserves. The rich land owners had to hire the poor ones in their lands for good incentives in a bid to maintain their status. However, for them to get the opportunity to sell their produce, they had to negotiate with the colonial masters. Before the settlers came into America, the custom was that after the death of a land owner, the first son had been privileged to inherit the land. This changed as the rich gave the middle class and high class Indians temporary land ownership. After the death of a land owner, the piece of land would be repossessed by the colonial government and allocated to the settlers. This altered the class status of the native Indians altogether as they were as they were all taken to reserves. One no longer had the option to sell a piece of land as this was illegal; to sell land one had to sell the whole of it. Southern America, which later formed part of the original British colony, had the natives grow tobacco, rice and indigo in plantations. The middle colony produced wheat in large qualities. The wheat benefited the flour making industries in Britain.
Aboriginal Indigenous Peoples And Colonisation History Essay
The Spaniards were part of the first people to explore America while looking for a fresh route to India. Others including Portuguese discovered America; this lead to massive movement of immigrants into the country. They soon began to replace the natives with African slaves. The cheap and highly reliable labor led to the prosperity of Spain. Thereafter, the British came in and formed a permanent settlement hoping to get as much production as the Spanish. The desire to prosper like those who had visited America earlier led to the colonization of America by the Scotts around 1500.
Australian Aborigines’ culture essay | Expert Essay Writers
Keywords: Aborigine, ethnic group, conflict theory, stratification, African American, American Indian Introduction One must understand and appreciate who the Australian Aboriginal people were and what their culture was like before the European presence if they are to truly comprehend the effects of European colonization on the Aborigines. It has been estimated that the Aborigines have been on the Australian continent for at least the past 50,000 years after migrating from Asia.
Foreign diplomacy is the main policy the British used to convince other European nations. In the 18th Century British was the most influential nation in Europe. The trade relationship they had in Europe played a significant role in the creation of colonies. The aims of colonization included creating a larger market for commodities, source of cheap raw materials, get cheap and affordable labor through slaves and increase territory of authority. The acquisition of colonies created self sufficiency in England because there was a more labor market for surplus, plenty labor and raw materials. The three meant prosperity in business for the British. The excess products after trading would be traded for raw materials and slaves in the British colonies, mostly in Africa. These benefits lead to cheaper production of commodities thus increasing the savings of the British government.
History of Indigenous Australians - Wikipedia
Reasons for the British Colonization of North America The English had many motives for founding the colonies in America. The migration was provoked by various reasons. It is said that religious motives played the most important role but economic motives played just as big of a role. Social and political reasons did not play such …